City of Cape Coral
1015 Cultural Park Boulevard
Cape Coral, FL 33990
(239) 574-0401


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 Palms                
 Common  Name
 (Sci. Name)
 Water  Wise  Page # FYN Plant Guide Page #  WILDLIFE  ♥ DROUGHT 
WIND ≈   Height  Description Fact Sheet 
 Buccaneer palm - n
(Pseudophoenix sargentii)
 34 78     * 
 ≈   10'  Rare  Buccaneer palm
 Dwarf palmetto
(Sabal minor)
     61  ♥  
   4'-6'    Sabal minor
 Paurotis -Everglades Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii)  34 76   ♥      20'-30'  Clumping makes great habitat  Paurotis Palm
 Royal Palm, Florida - n (Roystonea elata)  34 79       ≈   100'  Moist soils Royal Palm
 Sabal-Cabbage Palm (Sabal palmetto)  34 79   ♥  *   ≈   50'-60'  Housing, food for wildlife, State tree  Sabal Palm
 Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens)  34 79   ♥  *     6'-12'  Habitat  Saw Palmetto
 Scrub Palmetto (Sabal etonia)  34 66   ♥  *     4'-6'  Rare, habitat  Sabal etonia
 Silver palm - n (Coccothrinax argentata)  34 77   ♥  *   ≈   10'  Fruit attracts wildlife  Coccothrinax argentata
 Thatch Palm, Florida  - n (Thrinax radiata)  34 79   ♥  *   ≈   20'  No disease/pest problems  Thatch Palm
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010).Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only

 Large Trees                 
 Common  Name  (Sci. Name)  Water  Wise
 Page   #
FYN Plant Guide Page #    WILDLIFE  ♥ DROUGHT 
*
 WIND ≈   Height  Description  Fact Sheet  
 Black Olive
 (Bucida buceras)
  32   ♥      50' - 60'  Nesting for birds  Black Olive
 Blolly
 (Guapira discolor)
 18   ♥   *    30' x 40'  Red fruit attracts birds  Blolly
 Buttonwood,  Green (Conocarpus  erectus )  18 32  ♥   *  ≈  40' - 50'  Food and overstory  Green Buttonwood
 Cedar, Southern  Red (Junipera  virginiana)  18 40  ♥   *    20' - 60'  Nesting, seeds, songbirds Southern Red Cedar
 Gumbo Limbo
 (Bursera simaruba)
 20 38  ♥   *  ≈  20' - 60'  Creates overstory and shade   Gumbo Limbo
 Holly, Dahoon
 (Ilex cassine)
 20 40  ♥       20' - 40  Berries for birds Dahoon Holly
 Jamaican Dogwood
 (Piscidia piscipula)
 20 35  ♥   *    45' x 25'  Flowering tree, larval food for hammock Skipper butterfly  Jamaican Dogwood
 Mastic
 (Sideroxylon  foetidissimum)
 22   ♥   *  ≈  45' x 30'  Fruit attracts wildlife, pest free  Mastic
 Mahogany
(Swietenia mahagoni)
 22 36  ♥   *    60' - 70'  Overstory  Mahogany
 Mulberry, Red
(Morus rubra)
    ♥       40' - 70'  Fruit for all birds & wildlife  Mulberry
 Laurel Oak
(Quercus laurifolia)
     ♥      60' - 70'    Laurel Oak
 Oak, Live  - u
(Quercus virginiana)
 22 36  ♥   *  ≈  50' - 60'  Food, housing, & shade  Live Oak
 Oak, Sand Live - u (Quercus geminata)  22 48   ♥ *   ≈  40'  Small version of Live Oak, acorns are a wildlife food source  Sand Live Oak
 Paradise Tree
(Simarouba glauca)
 22 36   ♥  *  ≈  30' - 50'  Fruit attracts wildlife  Paradise Tree
 Pigeon Plum
 (Coccoloba  diversiflolia)
 24 39   ♥  *  ≈  25' x 20'  Purple fruit attracts wildlife  Pigeon Plum
 Pine, Sand - u (Pinus  clausa)  24 34   ♥  *  ≈  30'  Excellent wildlife food source  Sand Pine
 Pine, Slash - u  (Pinus elliottii)  24 34   ♥  *  ≈  60' - 100'  Habitat & food for many species  Slash Pine
 Short Leaf Fig (Ficus  citrifolia)  24 39   ♥  *  ≈  50'  Fruit attracts birds Short Leaf Fig 
 Soap berry (Sapindus saponaria)      ♥  *  ≈  40'    Soap berry
 Wild Tamarind (Lysiloma latisiliquum)  26 34   ♥  *  ≈  25' - 60'  Shade & habitat, fragrant flowers  Wild Tamarind
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010). Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only

Small trees, Large Shrubs                 
 Common  Name  (Sci. Name)  Water  Wise  Page #  FYN Plant Guide Page # WILDLIFE  ♥  DROUGHT  *    WIND ≈  Height   Description  Fact Sheet 
 Acacia, Sweet
 (Acacia  farnesiana)
18 42    *    8' - 20'  Butterflies, nesting for birds, thorns  Sweet Acacia
 Bahama  Strongbark
 (Bourreria ovata)
     ♥  *    20'  Butterflies & birds  Bahama Strongbark
 Caper, Jamaican
 (Capparis  cynophallophora)
42  43    *    15' - 18'  Butterflies  Jamaican Caper
 Cinnecord
 (Acacia  choriophylla)
      *    15' - 20'  Midstory  Cinnecord
 Coffee  Columbrina
 (Colubrina  arborescens)
           20'    Coffee Columbrina
 East Palatka Holly
 (Ilex X attenuata)
18      *    15' - 25'  Fruit for wildlife  E. Palatka Holly
 Fiddlewood
 (Citharexylum  spinosum)
18  44    *  15' - 20'  Birds, butterflies, cover  Fiddlewood
 Geiger Tree - n,  c (Cordia  sebestena) 20  39       20'  Birds, butterflies  Geiger Tree
 Holly, Yaupon -  n (Ilex vomitoria) 20  46    *    8' - 25'  Berries attract birds & butterflies  Yaupon Holly
 Ironwood, Black
 (Krugiodendron  ferreum)
20      *    15' - 25'  Fruit for wildlife  Black Ironwood
 Joewood
 (Jacquinia  keyensis)
20     *    15'  Butterflies, canopy, slow growing  Joewood
 Myrsine
 (Rapanea  punctata)
44      *    8' - 20'  Fruit attracts wildlife  Myrsine
 Oak, Myrtle - u
(Quercus myrtifolia)
           6' - 30'  Acorns for wildlife  Myrtle Oak
 Red Tip  Coccoplum
 (Chrysobalanus  icaco)
 46 53    *  12' - 15'  Fruit for wildlife  Cocoplum
 Satinleaf
 (Chrysophyllum  oliviforme)
  38          15' - 20'    Satinleaf
 Seagrape
 (Coccoloba  uvifera)
24  44    *  30'  Shade, fruit attracts wildlife  Seagrape
 Silver Buttonwood
 (Conocarpus  erectus)
46  54       20' - 35'  Food, midstory  Silver Buttonwood
 Soldierwood
(Colubrina elliptica)
           20'    Soldierwood
 Spicewood
 (Calyptranthes  pallens)
46      *    15' - 20'  Attracts wildlife  Spicewood
 Stopper, Simpson
 (Myrcianthes  fragrans)
46  47    *  5' - 20'  Fruit attracts birds & wildlife  Simpson Stopper
 Stopper, Spanish
 (Eugenia foetida)
26  55    *    15'  Fragrant flowers, fruit attracts birds in fall  Spanish Stopper
Stopper, Red - n
(Eugenia rhombea)
24  55    *  5' - 20'  Berries attract birds  Red Stopper
 Stopper, Redberry
(Eugenia confusa)
24  55    *  20'  Small red fruits attract birds in fall  Redberry Stopper
 Red Bay
(Persea borbonia) 
24  40    *    6' - 40'  Shade, food for wildlife, & cooking  Red Bay
 Varnishleaf
 (Dodonaea  viscosa)
48      *    6'  Hardy plant, fruit  Varnishleaf
 Walter's Viburnum
 (Viburnum  obovatum ) 
48  49    *    20'  Butterflies, midstory, berries attract wildlife  Walter's Viburnum
 Wax Myrtle
 (Myrica cerifera) 
48  47    *  15' - 20  Great for migratory birds  Wax Myrtle 
 Wild Lime
 (Zanthoxylum  fagara)
26      *    25'  Larval for giant swallowtail  Wild Lime
 Willow Bustic
 (Sideroxylon  salicifolium ) 
26      *    25' - 30  Midstory, berries attract wildlife  Willow Bustic 
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010). Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only

 Small Shrubs                
 Common Name
 (Sci. Name)
 Water  Wise  Page # FYN Plant Guide Page #   WILDLIFE  ♥ DROUGHT
*   
 WIND ≈   Height  Description  Fact Sheet 
 Apple, SevenYear
 (Genipa clusiifolia)
42   *    8'-10'  Food for wildlife  SevenYear Apple
 Bahama Cassia
 (Cassia Chapmanii)
42    *    6'-8'  Larval & nectar plant for sulfur butterflies  Bahama Cassia
 Bay Cedar
 (Suriana maritima)
42    *    10'  Larval food for Martial Scrub Hairsteak butterfly  Bay Cedar
 Beauty Berry
 (Callicarpa  americana)
42  52  *    4'-8'  Berries attract butterflies and birds  Beauty Berry
 Bitterbush
(Picramnia pentandra)
           10'-15'    Bitterbush
 Black torch
 (Erithalis fruticosa)
    *    6'-12'    Black torch
 Bloodberry, Butterfly Sage (Cordia globosa)     *    6'-8'  Birds and butterflies attracted to nectar  Bloodberry
 Blue Porterweed
 (Stachytarpheta  jamaicensis)
60  93  *    3'-4'  Butterflies  Blue Porterweed
 Buckthorn, Tough
 (Sideroxylon tenax)
    *    3'-20'  Habitat & food for birds  Buckthorn
 Coontie
 (Zamia pumila)
  73  *    2'-3'  Larval food for endangered atala butterfly  Coontie
 Coral Bean
 (Erythrina herbacea)
42  55  *    3'-20'  Attracts hummingbirds  Coral Bean
 Firebush
 (Hamelia patens)
44  56  *    3'-10'  Attracts hummingbirds & butterflies  Firebush
 Florida Privet
(Forestiera segregata)
44  55    *    4'-15'  Berries attract birds  Florida Privet
 Golden Creeper
 (Ernodea littoralis)
  71    *    2'-6'    Golden creeper
 Golden Dewdrop
 (Duranta repens)
  55    *    10'-15'    Golden Dewdrop
 Gopher Apple
 (Licania michauxii)
62      *    1'  Attracts wildlife & tortoises  Gopher Apple
 Marlberry
 (Ardisia  escallonioides)
44  51         10'-20'  Fragrant flower & black fruit attracts wildlife Marlberry 
 Pisonia
 (Pisonia aculeata)
           10'-15'     Pisonia
 Prickly-pear Cactus
 (Opuntia humifusa)
      *    3'    Prickly-pear cactus
 Privet Cassia
 (Senna ligustrina)
      *    6'-8'  butterfly plant  Privet Cassia
 Rouge Plant
 (Rivina humilis)
      *    3'-5'  Berries and flowers, prefers shady areas  Rouge Plant
 Shrub Verbena
 (Lantana involucrata)
64   90   *    4'-5'  Berries & flowers attract butterflies  Shrub Verbena
 Snowberry
 (Chiococca alba)
           10'    Snowberry
 White Indigo Berry
 (Randia aculeata)
48      *    8'  Small fragrant flowers, showy berries  White Indigo Berry
 Wild Coffee
 (Psychotria nervosa)
48  60         5'-10'  Berries & flowers attract wildlife, prefers shady areas  Wild Coffee
 Bahama Coffee
 (Psychotria  ligustrifolia)
               Bahama coffee
 Softleaf Coffee
 (Psychotria sulzneri)
               Softleaf coffee
 Yellow Necklace Pod
 (Sophora tomentosa  var. truncata)
48  48    *    6'-8'  Yellow flowers attract butterflies and humming birds  Necklace Pod
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010). Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only

 Wildflowers                
 Common  Name
 (Sci. Name)
 Water  Wise
 Page     # 
FYN Plant Guide Page #  WILDLIFE  ♥  DROUGHT
 *   
WIND ≈   Height   Description  Fact Sheet 
 Beach Sunflower
 (Helianthus debilis)
60 88    *    1'-2'  Excellent ground cover, showy flowers  Beach Sunflower
 Beach verbena
 (Verbena maritima)
      *    1'    Beach verbena
 Blanket Flower
 (Gaillardia pulchella)
60  87    *    1.5'  Gopher tortoises, colorful  Blanket Flower
 Dayflower
(Commelina diffusa)
               Dayflower
 Dotted Horsemint
(Monarda punctata)
60   96   *    4'  Purple-spotted yellow flower  Dotted Horsemint
 Milkweed
 (Asclepias  curassavica-not  native)
  84         2'-3'  butterfly plant  Milkweed
 Purple Coneflower
 (Echinacea  purpurea)
62   87   *    2'-3'  Butterflies and birds  Purple Coneflower
 Sage, Tropical Red
 (Salvia coccinea)
64   92   *    2'  Red flowers attract butterflies & hummingbirds  Tropical Sage
 Scorpion tail
 (Heliotropium  angiospermum)
  88         1'-2'  butterfly plant  Scorpion tail
 Seaside Goldenrod
 (Solidago  sempervirens)
64  93    *    6'  Yellow flower, excellent for wildflower garden  Seaside Goldenrod
 Sea Oxeye Daisy
 (Borrichia  frutescens)
64      *   3'   Excellent seaside plant with silvery foliage  Sea Oxeye Daisy
 Tickseed
(Coreopsis floridana)
       96       3'     Tickseed
 Wild Pennyroyal
 (Piloblephis rigida
          2'     Wild Pennyroyal
 Wild Petunia
(Ruellia caroliniensis)
           1'-2'    Wild Petunia
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010). Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only

 Vines                
 Common  Name  (Sci. Name)  Water  Wise  Page # FYN Plant Guide Page #  WILDLIFE  ♥  DROUGHT
*  
 WIND ≈   Height  Description  Fact Sheet 
 Beach Morning  Glory
 (Ipomoea imperati)
60 68    *    0.5' (vine)  Good groundcover, showy flower  Beach Morning Glory
 Blue Jacquemontia
 (Jacquemontia  pentanthos)
72      *    6' (vine)  butterflies  Blue Jacquemontia
 Blue Sky vine
 (Thunbergia  grandiflora)
           20'    Blue Sky vine
 Climbing aster
 (Symphyotrichum  carolinianum)
           10'  prolific bloomer  Climbing aster
 Coral Honeysuckle
 (Lonicera  sempervirens)
72  68    *    15'  red flowers attract butterflies & hummingbirds  Coral Honeysuckle
 Lyreleaf Sage
 (Salvia lyrata)
64           2'    Lyreleaf Sage
 Muscadine Grape  (Vitis rotundifolia) 72      *    40' (vine)  Important food source for wildlife  Muscadine Grape
 Passion Flower -  Corky Stem
 (Passiflora  suberosa)
           several feet  Larval host for butterflies  Passion Flower (Corky Stem)
 Passion Flower -  Maypop
 (Passiflora  incarnata)
72  67    *    3'-12' (vine)  Larval food plant for butterflies   Passion Flower (Maypop)
 Railroad Vine
 (Ipomoea pes-  caprae)
62  71    *    0.5' (vine)  Showy pink flowering vine  Railroad Vine
 Wild Allamanda
 (Pentalinon luteum)
           6'-8'    Wild Allamanda
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010). Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only

 Grasses & Groundcovers                
 Common Name
 (Sci. Name)
 Water  Wise
Page # 
FYN Plant Guide Page #  WILDLIFE  ♥  DROUGHT
*  
WIND ≈    Height  Description  Fact Sheet 
 Bracken fern
(Pteridium aquilinum)
      82        3'    Bracken fern
 Cordgrass
 (Spartina patens)
64 75          2' - 3'    Cordgrass
 Elliott Love Grass
 (Eragrostis elliottii)
  74     *    1'  Tiny seeds are food for doves  Elliott Love Grass
 Fakahatchee Grass
 (Tripsacum  dactyloides)
  75     *    4' - 6'  Larval host plant for skippers  Fakahatchee Grass
 Florida gamagrass
(Tripsacum floridana)
44  75     *    2'    Florida gamagrass
 Florida greeneyes
 (Berlandiera  subacaulis)
       *    2'    Florida greeneyes
 Muhly Grass
 (Muhlenbergia  capillaris)
62  75     *    1' - 3'  Cover for butterflies & wildlife  Muhly Grass
 Sea oats
 (Uniola paniculata)
       *    3' - 6'    Sea oats
 Sunshine Mimosa -  Powderpuff 
 (Mimosa strigillosa)
62  72     *    0.5'  Great groundcover, can be mowed, pink flowers  Sunshine Mimosa 
Numbers following plant names are page numbers using Waterwise South Florida Landscapes (Second printing July 2003) and the FYN Plant Selection & Landscape Design (2010). Comments: c - cold sensitive; n - not native to Lee County; u - upland only